Kinesthetic Modality – The Kinesthetic Learner

  • Learns by doing, direct involvement
  • Often fidgets or finds reasons to move
  • Is not very attentive to visual or auditory presentations
  • Wants to be “doing” something
  • Tries things out and likes to manipulate objects
  • Gestures when speaking
  • Is often a poor listener
  • Responds to music by physical movement
  • Often finds success in physical response activities
  • Learns better when able to move during learning
  • Likes to move hands (doodling, tapping,) while learning
  • Uses movement to help concentrate

Print Modality – A Print Oriented Learner

  • Often takes notes
  • May like to write on the blackboard
  • Remembers quickly and easily what is read
  • Learns better after seeing or writing something
  • Is often perceived as a “bookworm”
  • Grasps important concepts on first reading of material
  • Loves to read books, journals, magazines

Aural Learner – An Aural Learner

  • Tends to remember and repeat ideas that are verbally presented
  • Learns well through lectures
  • Is an excellent listener
  • Can reproduce symbols, letters or words by hearing them
  • Likes to talk
  • Enjoys plays dialogues, dramas
  • Can learn concepts by listening to tapes
  • Enjoys music
  • Can repeat or fulfill verbal instructions

Interactive Modality – The Interactive Learner

  • Learns best through verbalization
  • Often hums or talks to self or others
  • Usually is not quiet for great lengths of time
  • Often talks at length…just to hear him/herself talk!
  • Likes to use other people as a sounding board
  • Enjoys question/answer sessions
  • Finds small group discussions stimulating and informative
  • Prefers to discuss things with others


Visual Modality – A Visual Learner

  • Learns by seeing and by watching demonstrations
  • Likes visual stimuli such as pictures, slides, graphs, demonstrations, etc.
  • Conjures up the image of a form by seeing it in the “mind’s eye”
  • Often has a vivid imagination
  • Often stares
  • Needs something to watch
  • Is often quiet and does not talk at length
  • Becomes impatient or drifts away when extensive listening is required
  • Prefers the visual arts and media

Haptic Modality – The Haptic Learner

  • Likes a “hands-on" approach to learning
  • Involves the sense of touch in learning
  • Likes to do artwork
  • Likes to piece things together
  • May be fond of doodling
  • Likes to trace words and pictures
  • Is often seen “fiddling” with something
  • Is successful with tasks requiring manipulation

Olfactory Modality – The Olfactory Learner

  • Learns best though the sense of smell and taste
  • Smells have a special significance
  • Associates a particular smell with specific past memories
  • Is frequently able to identify smells
  • Finds that smells add to learning